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Disclosure to Promote the Right To Information 

Whereas the Parliament of India has set out to provide a practical regime of right to 
information for citizens to secure access to information under the control of public authorities, 
in order to promote transparency and accountability in the working of every public authority, 
and whereas the attached publication of the Bureau of Indian Standards is of particular interest 
to the public, particularly disadvantaged communities and those engaged in the pursuit of 
education and knowledge, the attached public safety standard is made available to promote the 
timely dissemination of this information in an accurate manner to the public. 

Mazdoor Kisan Shakti Sangathan 
"The Right to Information, The Right to Live'' 

IS 15548 (2005, Reaffirmed 2010) : Hydrof luorocarbon 
(HFC-134a) — Code of Safety. ICS 13.300 : 71.080.20 

Jawaharlal Nehru 
'Step Out From the Old to the New" 

aj^&vi iJii^s:y>K^ isb^^ni^seg 

:<>5&i| mT'5K^5?::5:^>^i»l 


Satyanarayan Gangarara Pitroda 
Invent a New India Using Knowledge 

Bhartrhari — Nitisatakam 
''Knowledge is such a treasure which cannot be stolen" 





Indian Standard 


ICS 13.300; 71.080.20 

© BIS 2005 


NEW DELHI 1 10002 

February 2005 Price Group 4 

Industrial Safety and Chemical Hazards Sectional Committee, CHD 8 


This Indian Standard was adopted by the Bureau of Indian Standards, after the draft finalized by the Industrial 
Safety and Chemical Hazards Sectional Committee had been approved by the Chemical Division Council. 

Hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) are categories of synthetic chemicals that are being used as alternatives to the ozone 
depleting substances (ODS), which are being phased out under the Montreal Protocol and Clean Air Act 
amendment of 1990. Because HFCs do not directly deplete the stratospheric ozone layer, they are not controlled 
by Montreal Protocol. 

These compounds, however, along with sulfiir hexafluoride are potent greenhouse gases. In addition to having 
high global warming potentials, many HFC's have extremely long atmospheric life times, resulting in their essentially 
irreversible accumulation in atmosphere. 

HFC- 134a is an ozone friendly CFC substitute. The t)zone layer in the stratosphere which protects the earth from 
ultraviolet radiation from the Sun is getting depleted by various chemicals/substances released in the atmosphere 
including chlorofluoro carbons (CFC) used in several industries such as refrigeration, air conditioning, electronics, 
foams etc. Montreal Protocol to which India became a signatory in 1992, prohibits the use of CFCs beyond the 
year 2010, HFC- 134a is one of the recommended CFC substitute in refrigeration, air conditioning and aerosol 
Industries and is a much preferred one for several technical, economic and safety reasons. 

There is no standard on this subject published by ISO. This standard has been prepared indigenously based on the 
available data and information. In preparation of this code considerable assistance has been derived from the 
following : 

a) Hydrocarbon Plant & Storage Safety, prepared for The World Bank I day Aerosol Seminar, New Delhi, 
April 1993 by Ing Jose Luis Corona, The Mexican Aerosol Institute & Geno Nardini, World Bank OORG 
Aerosol Consultant. 

b) Reducing the Consumption of Ozone Depleting Substances in India Phase I: The Cost of Complying with 
the Montreal Protocol by Touche Ross, Management Consultant & Gremer & Warner. 

c) Montreal Protocol, 1991 Assessment Report of the Economic Options Committee, December 1991. 

d) Ozone Depletion FAQ Part I, Introduction to the Ozone Layer, University of Colorado, Boulder, December 


e) The Chemistry of Fluorine and Its Compounds — H.J. Emeleus, Academic Press, New York, London 

f) Technical Progress on Protecting the Ozone Layer, Technical Options Committee, December 1991, United 
Nations Environment Programme. 

g) Technical Brochure on Genetron 134a by Allied Signal Inc. Morristown, NJ. 
h) Technical Information on HFC- 134a by Du Pont. 

j) Material Safety Data Sheet for Floron 134a , SRF Limited, Fluorochemicals Division, 

k) Transport Emergency Card (TREM Card) for HFC- 134a, SRF Ltd. 

m) Accident Prevention — A Workers Educational Manual, Dialogue Publications, First Indian Reprint, 

n) Recommendations on the Transport of Dangerous Goods, 9 th Revised edition. United Nations, Geneva, 

p) Refrigerant Safety, James M. Calm, P.E. Member Ashrae EPA, United States Environmental Protection 

q) Protecting the Ozone Layer, Vol. 1 Refrigerant, United Nations Publications, First Edition, 1992. 
The composition of the Committee responsible for formulation this standard is given in Annex A. 

IS 15548 : 2005 

Indian Standard 



This standard covers general information and 
properties of HFC- 134a, the nature of hazards 
associated with it and essential information on personal 
protective equipment, storage, handling, labelling, 
transportation, spillage/leakage, waste disposal/ 
recycling, training, fire fighting and fire prevention, 
health monitoring and first aid. 


The standard given below contains provisions, which 
through reference in this text, constitutes provisions 
of this standard. At the time of publication, the 
edition indicated was valid. All standards are subject 
to revisions, and parties to agreement based on this 
standard are encouraged to investigate the possibility 
of applying the most recent edition of the standard 
indicated below: 

IS No. Title 

4155:1966 Glossary of terms relating to 

chemical and radiation hazards and 
hazardous chemicals 


For the purpose of this standard the definitions given 
in IS 4155 shall apply. 


4.1 General Information 

4.1.1 Chem ical Name 

4.1.2 Common Name 

4.1.3 Molecular Formula 

4.1.4 Molecular Mass 

4.1.5 Class 

4.1.6 CAS Registry No. 

4.1.7 UN Number 

4.2 Physical Properties 
4.2.1 Description 


HFC- 1 34a /R- 134a 

CF3 CH/ 


Non-flammable gas 




Freezing Point 






Critical Temperature 

101. rc 


Critical Pressure 

41.43 kg/sq. cm 


Critical Density 

0.507 g/cc 


Specific Heat of 
Liquid at 30°C 

1.508 4kJ/kg-K 


Specific Heat of 

Vapour at Constant 


(I Atm. at SO^'C) 

0.879 9 kJ/kg-K 

Colourless liquefied 

4.2.2 Boiling Point at 1 Atm -26. 1 8°C 

4.2.10 Ratio of Specific Heat 

P v^ 

4.2.1 1 Latent Heat of Vapour- 
ization at Boiling Point 

4.2.12 Thermal Conductivity 
of Liquid at 25T 

4.2.13 Thermal Conductivity 
and I Atm 

4.2.14 Dielectric Constant 
of Vapour at 20T 
and 1 Atm 

4.2.15 Solubility of HFC- 
134a in Water at 25 ''C 
and I Atm 

4.2.16 Solubility of Water in 

4.2 Al Viscosity of Liquid at 

4.2.18 Viscosity of Liquid at 

4.2.19 Viscosity of Vapour at 
25''C and 1 Atm 

4.2.20 Viscosity of Vapour at 
30''C and J Atm 

4.2.21 Ozone Depletion 
Potential (ODP) 


214.96 kJ7kg 
81.9 mw/m.k 
14.05 mw/m.k 


0.15 weight % 

0.11 weight % 
0.202 Centipoise 
0.190 Centipoise 
0.012 Centipoise 
0.0126 Centipoise 

IS 15548 : 2005 

4.2.22 Halocarbon Global 
Warming Potential 



4.2.23 Global Warming 
Potential (GWP) 

(100 yrVTH. For CO^, GWP = 1 ) 

4.2.24 Toxicity AEL 1 000 ppm (v/v) 
( 8 and 12 h TWA) 

4.3 Chemical Properties 

4.3.1 HFC-134a vapours will decompose when 
exposed to high temperature from flames or 
electric resistance heaters. Decomposition may 
produce toxic and irritating compounds, such as 
hydrogen fluoride. The pungent orders will irritate the 
nose and throat and generally force people to evacuate 
the area. Therefore, it is important to prevent 
decomposition by avoiding exposure to high 

4.3.2 HFC- 134a / Poly alkylene glycol (PAG) and 
HFC- 134a / Polyol ester (POE) solutions have 
acceptable chemical stability. HFC- 134a molecule is 
as chemically stable as CFC-12. HFC-134a and 
CFC-12 are chemically compatible with each other, 
this means they do not react with each other to 
form other compounds. However, when the two 
materials are mixed together, they form azeotrope, 
which is difficult to separate. These mixtures can not 
be separated in an on-site re-cycle machine or in the 
typical facilities of an offsite reclaimer. Mixtures of 
HFC- 1 34a and CFC- 1 2 will usually have to be disposed 
of by incineration. 

4.3.3 HFC- 134a is compatible with steel, copper, 
aluminium and brass. 

4.3.4 Incompatibility 

Finely divided metals, magnesium and alloys 
containing 2 percent magnesium. It can react violently 
in contact with alkali or alkali earth metals such as 
Na, K, or Ba. 

4.4 Fire and Explosion Properties 

4.4.1 Auto Ignition Temperature^ 770°C 

4.4.2 Flammability 

HFC- 134a is non-flammable at ambient temperature 
and atmospheric pressure. However, it may be 
combustible at pressures as low as 5.5 psig at MTC, 
When mixed with air at concentrations generally 
greater than 60- vol. percent air. 

4.5 Corrosion Properties 




5.1 Toxicity 

HFC- 1 3 4a has very low acute and subchronic inhalation 
toxicity and is not genotoxic. 

5.2 Routes of Entry 
Inhalation, skins and eye contact. 

5.3 Health Effects 

5.3.1 Inhalation 

HFC- 134a poses no acute or chronic hazard when 
exposures are maintained below recommended 
acceptable exposure limits (AEL) of 1 000 ppm on 
8 or 12 hour time-weighted average (TWA) established 
by AIHA. 

NOTE — AEL is an airborne inhalation exposure limit that 
specifies time-weighted average concentrations to which nearly 
all workers may be repeatedly exposed without adverse effects. 

5.3.2 Asphyxiation 

Inhaling high concentrations of HFC- 1 34a vapour may 
cause temporary nervous system depression with 
anesthetic effects such as dizziness, headache, 
confusion and loss of consciousness. It can act as 
asphyxiant by limiting available oxygen. Higher 
exposures to vapours may cause temporary alteration 
of the heart's electrical activity with irregular pulse, 
palpitation or inadequate circulation. Inhaling higher 
concentrations of HFC- 134a vapour may cause cardiac 
irregularities and possibly cardiac arrest. 

5.3.3 Skin and Eye Contact 

At room temperature, HFC- 134a vapours have little 
or no effect on the skin. However, in liquid form, HFC- 
134a can freeze skin or eyes on contact causing 


6.1 General 

Personal protective equipment is not an adequate 
substitute for good, safe working conditions. Adequate 
ventilation and intelligent conduct on the part of 
employees is essential. One should keep firmly in mind 
that personal protective equipment protects only the 
person wearing it, and other unprotected workers in 
the area may be exposed to danger. 

6.2 Non-respiratory Equipment 

Personal protecting equipment should include non- 
respiratory equipment like splash proof safety goggles 
and face shield when working with liquid for eye 
protection. Where exposure to cold equipment vapours 
or liquid may occur, employees should wear special 
clothing designed to prevent the freezing of body 

IS 15548 : 2005 

tissues. All protective clothing ( suits, shirts witJ|if^ 
sleeves, insulated gloves) should be clean;-: availabjj;^- 
each day, and put on before work. Trousers should be 
worn outside boots or overhigh top shoes to shed 
spilled liquid. 

6.3 Respiratory Equipment 

If a large release of HFC- 134a vapour occurs, such as 
from a large spill or leak, the vapours may concentrate 
near the floor or low spots and displace the oxygen 
available for breathing, causing suffocation. An 
approved self contained breathing apparatus with a full 
face piece operated in positive pressure mode should 
be used when entering tanks and other areas where 
vapours might exist. 


7.1 Storage 

7.1.1 General Precautions HFC- 1 3 4a must be stored to avoid contact with 
heat, flames, sparks and air. Vessels, containers, transfer lines, pumps and 
other equipment should not be exposed to high 
temperature sources (such as welding, brazing and open 
flame) until they have been thoroughly cleaned and 
found free of vapours. Any maintenance job on such 
equipment should be done under the variety of safety 

7. 1 . 1 .3 Only non-sparking tools and equipment should 
be used while opening and closing containers of 
HFC- 134a. The building shall have good low and high 
level natural ventilation. In areas where natural 
ventilation is not possible, forced ventilation 
equipment should be installed. 

7.1.2 Bulk Storage The storage tanks shall be designed as per 
standard code. Storage tanks should be equipped with pressure 
gauge, liquid level gauge, safety release valves and 
excess flow valves. Storage tanks should normally be evacuated at 
the start of filling, and should never be filled while under 
positive air pressure. Tank pressure should never be allowed to 
exceed 300 psig when filling with HFC- 134a. Relief 
devices on the tanks usually prevents this. Tank pressures should be monitored routinely. Air lines should never be connected to storage 

Id 3 Storage of Cylinders 

7.1.3Ti The Cylinders of HFC-134a should be kept 
out of direct sunlight, particularly in warm weather. 
HFC- 134a expands significantly when heated, thereby 
reducing the amount of vapour space left in the cylinder. 
Once the cylinder becomes liquid full, any further rise 
in temperature can cause the cylinder to burst, resulting 
in serious personal injury. Never allow the cylinders to get warmer than 
52 T, Cylinders should always be raised above dirt 
or damp floors to prevent rusting. The storage area should be away from corrosive 
chemicals or fiimes to avoid damaging effects on the 
cylinder and threaded area of the valve. The cylinders 
of HFC- 134a should be kept in cool, dry and properly 
ventilated areas. 

7.2 Handling 

7.2.1 General HFC-134a should be handled wearing an 
approved self contained breathing apparatus, chemical 
resistance gloves and safety goggles and other 
protective clothing {see 6). 

7.2.2 Handling of Cylinders 

1.22 A Before filling the cylinder with HFC- 134a, 
check and confirm its validity. It shall have valid test 
certificate from the concerned authorities. Cylinders should never be subjected to rough 
handling or to abnormal mechanical shock such as 
dropping, bumping, dragging or sliding. They should 
be kept in vertical position. Lifting magnet or sling ( rope or chain ) which 
may produce sparks should not be used. While handling by crane or derrick, a safe 
platform or cradle should be used. Cylinders of HFC- 134a whether empty or filled 
should not be used as rollers, supports or for any 
purpose other than to carry HFC- 134a. Protect cylinders from any object that will 
result in abrasion in the surface of the metal. Never tamper with the safety devices in the 
valves. Use only standard colour code for HFC- 134a 
cylinders, Before evacuating cylinders, any remaining 
refrigerant should be removed by a recovery system. Vacuum pump discharge lines should be free 

IS 15548 : 2005 

of restrictions that could increase discharge pressures 
above 15 psig and result in the formation of 
combustible mixtures. 

7.2.2. 1 1 Cylinders should normally be evacuated at the 
start of filling, and should never be filled while under 
positive pressure. Filled cylinders should periodically be 
analyzed for air. Empty cylinders should be stored separately 
from filled cylinders and fasten empty tag on cylinders 
immediately upon emptying. 

7.3 Labelling 

7.3.1 Each vessel containing HFC-134a should carry 
an identification label or stencil. 

7.3.2 Label should be as per rules and regulations. 

7.4 Transportation 

7,4,1 Labelling 

Labels : Hazard class 2.2 should be displayed on the 
transport vehicle. 

a) Liquefied gas : Tetrafluoro ethane 

b) UN No. : 3159 

7„4.2 Predeparture Prior to and after loading, the drivers must take 
a complete inspection of the vehicle to ensure that it 
meets all performance safety requirements and is 
roadworthy for transporting HFC- 134a. A few of the 
numerous items that are checked are the lights, tyres, 
suspensions and brakes. The driver should maintain a log entry book 
for critical parameters like pressure etc, during transit. Ensure availability of emergency kit on the 
vehicle. Ensure availability of Transport Emergency 
Card (TREM Card ) and Instruction Manual during 
transportation in the vehicle. 

7.4.3 During Transportation Driver should follow specified route only, 
maintain speed limit, never park the truck near 
residential areas, drive truck carefully and observe all 
rules and signals, avoid overtaking of moving vehicles 
and do not leave the truck without watch at any time. The trucks should not be parked under direct 
sunshine for long duration. No repairs involving gas cutting, welding etc, 
should be done during transportation period. If required 
at all, repairs should be done by authorized and 

competent personnel of Maintenance Department/ 
Plant who are deputed by manufacturer/supplier. The driver should physically inspect complete 
mounting periodically and immediately report any 
abnormality to the supplier. In case of emergency (for example leaks, 
fires etc), the following measures should be taken 

a) Stop the engine, 

b) Notify police and fire brigade immediately, 

c) Mark roads, warn other road users, 

d) Keep public away, and 

e) In case of leak, avoid open flame near spillage. 

7.4,4 Drivers Training The basics of any effective safety programme 
for transportation of HFC- 134a is adequate training. Each driver must be carefully selected and 
receive adequate amount of classroom training, audio- 
visual instructions and job training. The driver must carry material safety data sheet 
with each consignment of HFC- 134a. Systematic training/retraining/reviews must be 
carried out to ensure: 

a) Safe driving methods, 

b) Actions to be taken during emergency, 

c) Proper use of fire extinguishers, kits, TREM 
cards, instruction manual etc, and 

d) Communication with manufacturer/supplier. 


8.1 Spillage/Leakage 

8.1.1 Frequent inspection of equipment, containers and 
vessels containing HFC- 134a should be made to detect 
or prevent leaks. 

8.1.2 If spills or leaks of HFC- 1 34a occur, only properly 
protected personnel should remain in the area and entry 
to others should be prohibited. 

8.1.3 Every organisation handling HFC-i34a must 
form Emergency Response Team which is available 
round the clock. Spills or leaks should be handled by 
Emergency Response Team specifically trained to 
handle emergency situations. 

8.1.4 In case of major spill or leak, the area should be 
evacuated immediately. Vapours may concentrate near 
the floor, displacing available oxygen. 

8.1.5 The area of leak must be ventilated using blowers 
or fans to circulate the air at floor level. 

IS 15548 : 2005 

8.1.6 Use self contained breathing apparatus while 
going to close valves or repair source of leak. 

8.1.7 Avoid open flames near spillage. 

8.1.8 If source of leak is a cylinder and the leak can 
not be stopped in place, remove the leaking cylinder to 
a safe place in the open air and repair leak. 

8.1.9 Prevent liquid from entering sewers, sumps or 
pit areas, since vapour can create suffocating 
atmosphere. Capture material for recycle or destruction 
if equipment is available. 

8.2 Leak Detection 

8.2.1 Leak detection is important for refrigerant 
conservation, equipment protection and performance, 
reduction of emissions and protection of those coming 
in contact with the system. 

8.2.2 No leak testing should be performed with HFC- 
134a and air in the system. HFC- 134a may be safely 
pressured with dry nitrogen. 

8.2.3 Leak detectors may be used for pin pointing 
specific leaks or for monitoring an entire room on a 
continuous basis. 

8.2.4 There are two types of leak detectors, leak 
pinpointers and area monitors. Before purchasing either 
type, several equipment factors should be considered, 
including detection limits, sensitivity and selectivity. 
Fluorescent dyes compatible with lubricant and HFC- 
134a can also be added to a system for leak detection. 

8.3 Waste Disposal 

Disposal refers to the destruction of used HFC- 134a. 
Disposal may only be necessary when HFC- 134a has 
become badly contaminated with other products and 
no longer meets the acceptance specifications of 
reclaimers. Be sure to check the qualifications of any 
firm before sending them used HFC- 134a. 


9.1 Recovery 

9.1.1 Recovery and re-use of HFC-134a is important 
from an environmental stand point. 

9.1.2 HFC- 134a may be recovered from refrigeration 
equipment using on-site equipment or portable recovery 
devices containing compressor and an air cooled 

9.1.3 Known venting of HFC-134a during the 
maintenance, servicing or disposal of refrigeration 
equipment should not be done. 

9.2 Reclamation 

Reprocessing of used HFC-134a should be done as 
far as possible. 

9.3 Recycling 

Refrigerant recycle refers to the reduction of used 
refrigerant contamination using devices that reduce oil, 
water, acidity and particulates. 


10.1 Fire Prevention 

10.1.1 HFC-134a is not flammable at ambient 
temperature and atmospheric pressure. Avoid open 
flames near source of leak. 

10.1.2 Cylinders may rupture under fire conditions 
and decomposition of HFC- 134a may occur. This will 
produce toxic and irritating compounds. 

10.2 Fire Fighting 

10.2.1 In case of fire in the area where cylinders are 
stored, cool cylinders with water spray. Self contained 
breathing apparatus with full face-piece and protective 
clothing may be required if cylinders rupture or release 
under fire conditions. 

10.2.2 Use appropriate fire extinguishing media as 
appropriate for combustibles in the area. 


11.1 Employee Education and Training 
11.1,1 Training Training shall cover all aspects and potential 
hazards that the particular operator is likely to 
encounter. Following areas should be covered in the 

a) Potential health hazards of HFC- 134a, 

b) Human health effects, 

c) Site safety regulations, 

d) Emergency response procedures (leaks/spills/ 

e) Use of protective clothing/breathing apparatus, 

f) Accidental release measures, 

g) Fire fighting, and 
h) First aid. In addition, individuals shall receive specific 
training in their areas of activities. Refresher courses 
should be arranged on a periodic basis. 

11.2 Health Monitoring 

11.2.1 Personal Hygiene Eating, drinking and storing of food near the 
place where HFC- 1 34a is handled should be prohibited. 

11.2.2 Medical Exam ination Annual medical checkup of all the employees 
as required by laws/regulations (Factories Act), State 
Factories Rules should be carried out. 

IS 15548 : 2005 


12.1 Inhalation 

12.1.1 Inhalation of HFC- 134a vapours causes 
irritation and at high concentrations may result in 
asphyxiation, cardiac irregularities and possibly 
cardiac arrest. 

12.1.2 Intentional misuse or deliberate inhalation of 
HFC- 134a may cause death without warning. This 
practice is extremely dangerous. 

12.1.3 If high concentrations are inhaled, immediately 
remove the person to fresh air. Keep person calm. If 
not breathing give artificial respiration. If breathing is 
difficult give oxygen. Call a physician. 

12.2 Skin Contact with Liquid HFC-134a 

Immediately flush skin with plenty of water for-at 
least 15 min. Remove contaminated clothing. 

Clothing may adhere to the skin in case of freeze 
burns. In case of frostbite, flush the exposed area 
with luke warm water or gently warming affected area. 
Wash contaminated clothing before reuse. If 
symptoms (irritation or blistering) develop get 
medical attention. 

12.2.1 Eye Contact 

In case of contact, immediately flush eyes with plenty 
of water for at least 1 5 min, lifting eyelids occasionally 
to facilitate irrigation. Seek medical attention 

12.2.2 Antidote/Dosage 

Because of possible disturbance of cardiac rhythum, 
Catecholamine drugs, such as Epinephrine, should be 
considered under strict medical advice only as a last 
resort in life threatening emergencies. 




Industrial Safety and Chemical Hazards Sectional Committee, CHD 8 


National Safety Council, Navi Mumbai 
Airport Authority of India, New Delhi 
Atomic Energy Regulatory Board, Mumbai 
Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai 
Central Boiler Board, New Delhi 
Century Rayon, Thane 

Central Leather Research Institute, Chennai 

Central Mining Research Institute, Dhanbad 

Central Warehousing Corporation, New Delhi 

Confederation of Indian Industries, New Delhi 

Department of Explosives, Nagpur 

Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion, New Delhi 

Development Commissioner (SSI); New Delhi 

Directorate General of Health Services, New Delhi 

Directorate General Factory Advice Service & Labour Institute, 

Directorate of Industrial Safety and Health, Mumbai 
Directorate Genera! of Mines Safety, Dhanbad 

Employees State Insurance Corporation, New Delhi 
Excel Industries Ltd, Mumbai 
Hindustan Aeronautics Ltd, Bangalore 
Hindustan Lever Ltd, Mumbai 

Indian Institute of Chemical Technology, Hyderabad 
Indian Chemical Manufacturers Association, Mumbai 

Indian Drugs and Pharmaceuticants Ltd, Rishikesh 
Indian Petrochemical Corporation Ltd, Vadodara 


Shri K. C. Gupta {Chairman) 


Shri P. K. Ghosh 



Shri H. G. Uttamchandani 

Shri S. K. Mishra {Alternate) 
Shrj J. K. Pandey 
Dr D. R. Chawla 
Dr a. K. Majumdar 

Shri S. P. Rana {Alternate) 
Director of Mines (MSE) 

Deputy Director of Mines Safety (Alternate) 
Shri B.B.Dave 

Shri Aditya Jhavar {Alternate) 
Shri S. Venkateswara Rao 
Shri V. N. Das 

Shri A. A. Panjwani {Alternate) 

Shri P. Vuayraghavan 

Shri M, R. Patel (Alternate I) 
Shri A. V. Saratathy (Alternate II) 

IS 15548 : 2005 


Indian Space Research Organization, Sriharikota 

Indian Toxicology Research Centre, Lucknow 

Ministry of Defence (DGQA), Kanpur 

Direcorate of Standardization, Ministry of Defence, New Delhi 

Ordnance Factory Board, Kolkata 

Ministry of Defence (R&D), Kanpur 

Ministry of Environment & Forest, New Delhi 
National Institute of Occupational Health, Ahmedabad 
National Organic Chemical Industries Ltd, Thane 

National Safety Council, Navi Mumbai 

Oil Industry Safety Directorate, New Delhi 

Safety Appliances Manufacturers Association, Mumbai 
Standing Fire Advisory Council, Ministry of Home Affairs, 

New Delhi 
Steel Authority of India Ltd, Ranchi 
SIEL Chemical Complex, New Delhi 
Southern Petrochemical Industries Corporation Ltd, Chennai 

Tata AIG Risk Management Services Ltd, Mumbai 
BIS Directorate General 


Shrj P.N. Sankaran 

Shri V, K. Srivastava (Alternate) 
Dr Virendra Mishra 

Dr V. P. Sharma (Alternate) 
Shri M. S. Sultania 

Shri Sujit Ghosh (Alternate) 
Shri P. S. Ahuja 

Lt- Col Tejinder Singh (Alternate) 
Dr D.S. S. Ganguly 

Shri R. Srinivasan (Alternate) 
Dr a. K. Saxena 

Dr Rajindra Singh (Alternate) 
Dr B. V. Bapat 

Shri V. R. Narla (Alternate) 
Shri P. M.Rao 

Shri D. Biswas (Alternate) 
Shri S. K. Chakrabarti 

Shri V. K. Srivastava (Alternate) 

Shri V. Jayaraman 

Shri S. Muruganandam (Alternate) 
Shri Urmish D. Shah 

Shri S. K. Chaudhuri, Director & Head (CHD) 
[Representing Director General (Ex-officio)] 

Member Secretary 

Shri N. K. Pal 
Director (CHD), BIS